ΤPearls are all known as one of the most elegant ornaments in women's jewelry, synonymous with luxury and timeless style. But how is a pearl created? 

 Pearls, then, are created from the soft tissues of live shellfish, when a parasite or sand enters the shell, this creates an "annoyance" in the oyster which in its attempt to deal with the invader activates a mechanism of production of a hard of a crystalline substance called margarine (calcium carbonate). If the parasite is not removed from the inside of the oyster, it continues to produce this substance creating a global "prison" around the invader creating the well-known smooth, shiny and beautiful pearl. So what we wear as a beautiful piece of jewelry is essentially an oyster defense mechanism. 

Now, in terms of categories, we can say that in general pearls are divided into two major groups: 

1) Natural pearls which are the rarest and therefore the most valuable where they are created without any human intervention. Natural pearls, since they are considered extremely rare, are often sold as collectibles or placed as the central element in certain jewelry.  

 2) Cultured pearls that make up the majority of marketable pearls and as evidenced by the term 'cultivation' are created through human intervention. It was in 1893 that Kokicho Mikimoto discovered how to create pearls by making them widely accessible. By 1935, there were 350 pearl farms in Japan.

Tiara of Empress Eugenia, 1853 with 212 natural pearls

   Interestingly, pearls have been used as jewelry for millennia. We know this because of pieces of pearl jewelry found in the sarcophagus of a princess in present-day Persia, which dates back to around 420 BC. However, as early as 2300 BC. (!), there is historical evidence that pearls were given as a gift to the kings of China. At the same time, in ancient Rome, pearl jewelry was considered the ultimate symbol of power and supremacy. In fact, they were so valuable that in the 1st century BC, Julius Caesar passed a law that allowed the use of pearls only in the ruling classes.

The oldest pearl in the world was found in present-day Abu Dhabi and dates back to the Neolithic era.

Nowadays, pearls and pearls, which are a cheaper alternative, can be found in almost every category of jewelry, whether it is earrings, or for necklace, or for bracelets, or for rings

Below you will find some unique jewelry that are "dressed" from pearls which offer their characteristic timeless, minimal and elegant air: